The smart home of the future is on that is automated. Home automation is the residential extension of building automation. It is automation of the home, housework or household activity. Home automation may include centralized control of lighting, HVAC (heating, ventilation and air conditioning), appliances, security locks of gates and doors and other systems, to provide improved convenience, comfort, energy efficiency and security.
The popularity of home automation has been increasing greatly in recent years due to much higher affordability and simplicity through smartphone and tablet connectivity. The concept of the "Internet of Things" has tied in closely with the popularization of home automation.
Home automation solutions offers a smart management approach to control your home appliances easily through the electronic components and systems. You can control lighting, home intelligent systems, or security from your smartphone or tablet. This creates a holistic solution to enhance your life with added comfort while saving energy.
Typically the solutions includes an intelligent lighting system, intelligent security and alarm management systems, intelligent entertainment equipment control, and internal HVAC centralization.
Home automation system typically use the following types of devices in conjunction with the intelligent control systems to automate daily mundane household tasks.
- Sensors to measure or detect things like temperature, humidity, daylight or motion.
- Controllers such as a PC or a dedicated home automation controller,
- Actuators such as motorized valves, light switches and motors.
- Buses for communication that can be wired or wireless.
- Interfaces for human-machine and/or machine-to-machine interaction.
The modern home automation system assigns and controls the following tasks through the household and all tasks are capable of being self-monitored and controlled with little user intervention, or the user can manually control every aspect.
Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems can include temperature and humidity control, including fresh air heating and natural cooling. An Internet-controlled thermostat allows the homeowner to control the building's heating and air conditioning systems remotely. The system may automatically open and close windows to cool the house.
Lighting control systems can be used to control household electric lights. Lights can be controlled on a time cycle, or arranged to automatically go out when a room is unoccupied. Lighting can be controlled remotely by a wireless control or over the Internet. Natural lighting (daylighting) can be used to automatically control window shades and draperies to make best use of natural light.
Smart Lighting solution can create ambience and colour senses to stimulate the mood of your family members. It’s easy to switch from scene to scene using a modern smart device such as your cellphone or your tablet.
Smart Lighting LED Bulbs can change colour temperature from cold white to warm white (5500K~2700K). Newer globes have the ability to change the physical colour of the lighting given across the spectrum of primary colours.
This category includes audio and video switching and distribution. Multiple audio or video sources can be selected and distributed to one or more rooms and can be linked with lighting and blinds to provide mood settings.
A household security systems integrated with a home automation system can provide additional services such as remote surveillance of security cameras over the Internet, or central locking of all perimeter doors and windows.
With home automation, the user can select and watch cameras live from an Internet source to their home or business. Security systems can include motion sensors that will detect any kind of unauthorized movement and notify the user through the security system or via cell phone.
The automation system can simulate the appearance of an occupied home by automatically adjusting lighting or window coverings. Detection systems such as fire alarm, gas leak, carbon monoxide, or water leaks can be integrated. Personal medical alarm systems allow an injured home occupant to summon help.
An intercom system allows communication via a microphone and loud speaker between multiple rooms. Integration of the intercom to the telephone, or of the video door entry system to the television set, allowing the residents to view the door camera automatically.
The term covers a range of applications of information technology to the problems of home automation. Domotics is the study of the realization of an intelligent home environment. Digital Home includes home automation, multimedia, telecommunications, e-commerce, etc. through home networks domotics and home automation means that systems talk to each other for improved convenience, efficiency and safety.